28 Ostensibly about schoolboy envy, the song also operated as an in-joke, as related in Jon savage's "The kinks: The Official biography because the song took its name from a homosexual promoter they'd encountered who'd had romantic designs on songwriter ray davies ' essay teenage brother;. 29 As late as 1970, the first episode of The mary tyler moore Show has the demonstrably straight Mary richards' downstairs neighbor, Phyllis, breezily declaiming that Mary is, at age 30, still "young and gay." There is little doubt that the homosexual sense. It has nevertheless been claimed that gay stands for "Good As you but there is no evidence for this: it is a backronym created as popular etymology. 30 Homosexuality main article: Homosexuality sexual orientation, identity, behavior main articles: Sexual orientation, sexual identity, and Human sexual behavior see also: Situational sexual behavior The American Psychological Association defines sexual orientation as "an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women,. Unlike members of other minority groups (e.g., ethnic and racial minorities most lgb individuals are not raised in a community of similar others from whom they learn about their identity and who reinforce and support that identity. Rather, lgb individuals are often raised in communities that are either ignorant of or openly hostile toward homosexuality." 32 The British gay rights activist Peter Tatchell has argued that the term gay is merely a cultural expression which reflects the current status of homosexuality within. In the long view, they are all just temporary identities. One day, we will not need them at all." 33 If a person engages in sexual activity with a partner of the same sex but does not self-identify as gay, terms such as ' closeted', 'discreet or ' bi-curious ' may apply. Conversely, a person may identify as gay without having had sex with a same-sex partner.
The benny hill character responds, "Not to you for start, you ain't my type". He then adds in mock doubt, "Oh, i don't know, you're rather gay on the quiet." by 1963, a new sense of the word gay was known well enough to be used by Albert Ellis in his book the Intelligent Woman's guide to man-Hunting. Similarly, hubert Selby,. In his 1964 novel Last Exit to Brooklyn, could write that a character "took pride in being a homosexual by feeling intellectually and esthetically superior to those (especially women) who weren't gay." 25 Later examples of the original meaning of the word being used. S., included the lyric "No milk today, it was not always so / The company was gay, we'd turn night into day.", the headline of the review of the beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely hearts Club Band album in the British daily newspaper The times stated, "The beatles revive hopes of progress in pop music with their gay new LP". 27 Yet in the same year, The kinks recorded "david Watts".
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Gay was the the preferred term since other terms, such as queer, were felt to be derogatory. 20 Homosexual is perceived as excessively clinical, since the sexual orientation now commonly referred to as "homosexuality" was at that time a mental illness diagnosis in the diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). In mid-20th century Britain, where male homosexuality was illegal until the sexual Offences Act 1967, to openly identify someone as homosexual was considered very offensive and an accusation of serious criminal activity. Additionally, none of the words describing any aspect of homosexuality were considered suitable for polite society. Consequently, a number of euphemisms were used to hint at suspected homosexuality. Examples include "sporty" girls and "artistic" boys, 24 all with the stress deliberately on the otherwise completely innocent adjective.
The sixties marked the transition in the predominant meaning of the word gay from that of "carefree" to the current "homosexual". In the British comedy-drama film Light Up the sky! (1960 directed by lewis Gilbert, about the antics of a british Army searchlight squad during World War ii, there is a scene in the mess hut where the character played by benny hill proposes an after-dinner toast. He begins, "I'd like to propose." at which point a fellow diner, played by sidney tafler, interjects "Who to? suggesting a proposal of marriage.
Gay, they learned little things that are things in being gay. They were quite regularly gay. — Gertrude Stein, 1922 The word continued to be used with the dominant meaning of "carefree as evidenced by the title of The gay divorcee (1934 a musical film about a heterosexual couple. Bringing Up Baby (1938) was the first film to use the word gay in apparent reference to homosexuality. In a scene in which the cary Grant character's clothes have been sent to the cleaners, he is forced to wear a womans feather-trimmed robe.
When another character asks about his robe, he responds, "Because i just went gay all of a sudden!" Since this was a mainstream film at a time when the use of the word to refer to cross-dressing (and, by extension, homosexuality) would still be unfamiliar. Gross, executive secretary for the george. Henry foundation, who said in the june 1950 issue of sir magazine: "I have yet to meet a happy homosexual. They have a way of describing themselves as gay but the term is a misnomer. Those who are habitues of the bars frequented by others of the kind, are about the saddest people ive ever seen." 18 Shift to specifically homosexual by the mid-20th century, gay was well established in reference to hedonistic and uninhibited lifestyles 11 and its antonym. 19 In the case of gay, other connotations of frivolousness and showiness in dress gay apparel led to association with camp and effeminacy. This association no doubt helped the gradual narrowing in scope of the term towards its current dominant meaning, which was at first confined to subcultures.
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14 giving testimony in court in 1889, the rentboy john saul stated: "I occasionally do odd-jobs for different gay people." 15 Well into the mid 20th century a middle-aged bachelor could be described as "gay indicating that he was unattached and therefore free, without any. This usage could apply to women too. The British comic strip Jane, first published in the 1930s, described the adventures of homework Jane gay. Far from implying homosexuality, it referred to her free-wheeling lifestyle with plenty of boyfriends (while also punning on Lady jane Grey ). A passage from Gertrude Stein 's Miss Furr miss skeene (1922) is possibly the first traceable published use of the word to refer to a homosexual relationship. According to linda wagner-Martin ( save favored Strangers: Gertrude Stein and her Family (1995) the portrait "featured the sly repetition of the word gay, used with sexual intent for one of the first times in linguistic history and Edmund Wilson (1951,"d by james Mellow. 16 For example: They were.
A gay woman was a prostitute, a gay man a womanizer, and a gay house a brothel. 2 The use of gay to mean "homosexual" was often an extension of its application to prostitution: a gay boy was a young man or boy serving male clients. 12 Similarly, a gay cat was a young male apprenticed to an older hobo, commonly writing exchanging sex and other services for protection and tutelage. 2 The application to homosexuality was also an extension of the word's sexualized connotation of "carefree and uninhibited which implied a willingness to disregard conventional or respectable sexual mores. Such usage, documented as early as the 1920s, was likely present before the 20th century, 2 although it was initially more commonly used to imply heterosexually unconstrained lifestyles, as in the once-common phrase " gay lothario 13 or in the title of the book and. Similarly, fred Gilbert and. MacDermott 's music hall song of the 1880s, "Charlie dilke upset the milk" "Master Dilke upset the milk/When taking it home to Chelsea the papers say that Charlie's gay/Rather a wilful wag!" referred to sir Charles Dilke 's alleged heterosexual impropriety.
from Old French gai, most likely deriving ultimately from a germanic source. 2 In English, the word's primary meaning was "joyful "carefree "bright and showy and the word was very commonly used with this meaning in speech and literature. For example, the optimistic 1890s are still often referred to as the gay nineties. The title of the 1938 French ballet gaîté parisienne parisian gaiety which became the 1941 Warner Brothers movie, the gay parisian, 9 also illustrates this connotation. It was apparently not until the 20th century that the word began to be used to mean specifically "homosexual although it had earlier acquired sexual connotations. 2 The derived abstract noun gaiety remains largely free of sexual connotations and has, in the past, been used in the names of places of entertainment; for example. Yeats heard Oscar Wilde lecture at the gaiety Theatre in Dublin. 10 Sexualization The word may have started to acquire associations of immorality as early as the 14th century, but had certainly acquired them by the 17th. 2 by the late 17th century it had acquired the specific meaning of "addicted to pleasures and dissipations 11 an extension of its primary meaning of "carefree" implying "uninhibited by moral constraints".
In the 1960s, gay became the word favored by homosexual men to describe their sexual orientation. 3, by the end of the 20th century, the word gay was recommended by major, lgbt groups and style guides to describe people attracted to members of the same sex. At about the same time, a new, pejorative use became prevalent in some parts of the world. Among younger speakers, the word has a meaning ranging from derision (e.g., equivalent way to rubbish or stupid ) to a light-hearted mockery or ridicule (e.g., equivalent to weak, unmanly, or lame). In this use, the word rarely means "homosexual as it is often used, for example, to refer to an inanimate object or abstract concept of which one disapproves. The extent to which these usages still retain connotations of homosexuality has been debated and harshly criticized. 6 7, contents History overview Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute.
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This article is about gay as dissertation an English-language term. For the sexual orientation, see. For other uses, see, gay (disambiguation). Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual. The term was originally used to mean "carefree "cheerful or "bright and showy". 1, the term's use as a reference to homosexuality may date as early as the late 19th century, but its use gradually increased in the 20th century. In modern, english, gay has come to be used as an adjective, and as a noun, referring to the people and the practices and cultures associated with homosexuality.